Certain countries overexploit the fish resources of others through trade agreements that ignore not only the protection of biodiversity, but also the most basic rights of the people who for centuries have developed a harmonious relationship with resources.
These “agreements” are generally made between the governments of countries with large industrial fleets and the governments of poor countries, such as those in West Africa, whose territorial waters are rich in fish. Such practices are highly questionable in terms of human rights and the food security of the world’s poorest countries.
They completely ignore the resolution adopted by the United Nations Human Rights Council on March 27, 2008, on the right to food, which insists that every country “should make every effort to ensure that their international policies of a political and economic nature, including international trade agreements, do not have a negative impact on the right to food in other countries.”
Despite everything, these agreements have multiplied in many parts of the world from the 1990s on.
We need to ask what benefits are going to the populations of countries whose precious fish stocks are being sold off in this way, stocks already seriously affected by overfishing.
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